مطالعه تنوع گونه‌ای زنبورهای (Chalcidoidea: Aphelinidae) Encarsia spp. در استان گلستان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

دانشیار، گروه گیاه‌پزشکی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد یادگار امام خمینی(ره)، شهرری، ایران

چکیده

چکیده
زنبورهای Encarsia Förster (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea: Aphelinidae) جزو پارازیتوئیدهای کارآمد سفیدبالک‌ها و سپردارها (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae, Diaspididae) در اغلب مناطق دنیا می‌باشند که نقش بسیار مهمی در کاهش تراکم جمعیت این آفات در مزارع، باغات و گلخانه‌ها ایفا می‌نمایند. طی نمونه‌برداری‌های انجام شده در مناطق مختلف استان گلستان بر اساس جمع‌آوری و پرورش پوره‌های سفیدبالک‌ها و سپردارها به عنوان میزبان‌های مهم زنبورهای Encarsia spp. در شرایط مطلوب، دوازده گونه زنبور پارازیتوئید شامل Encarsia acaudaleyrodis Hayat, 1976، Encarsia auranti (Howard, 1894)، Encarsia azimi Hayat, 1986، Encarsia berlesei (Howard, 1906)، Encarsia elegans Masi, 1911، Encarsia fasciata (Malenotti, 1917)، Encarsia formosa Gahan, 1924، Encarsia inaron (Walker, 1839)، Encarsia lounsburyi (Berlese & Paoli, 1916)، Encarsia lutea (Masi, 1909)، Encarsia mineoi Viggiani, 1982 و Encarsia perniciosi (Tower, 1913) جمع‌آوری و شناسایی گردیدند. در این پژوهش علاوه بر جمع‌آوری و شناسایی زنبورهای Encarsia از مناطق مختلف استان گلستان، اسامی هم‌نام، پراکنش گونه‌ها و توصیف گونه‌های جمع‌آوری شده و کلید شناسایی نیز ارائه شده است.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها


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