بررسی فونستیک مگس‌های گل (Diptera: Syrphidae) در شهرستان رشتخوار (استان خراسان رضوی)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد بیوسیستماتیک جانوری، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، دانشکده علوم زیستی، گروه بیوسیستماتیک جانوری

2 دکترای حشره شناسی، دانشیار دانشکده علوم زیستی، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، گروه بیوسیستماتیک جانوری

چکیده

خانواده سیرفیده با 6000 گونه شناسایی شده از 15 قبیله و 3 زیرخانواده به راسته دوبالان تعلق دارد. اعضای این خانواده به Flowerfly و Hoverfly معروف هستند. لارو اغلب آن‎ها شکارگر بوده و نقش مهمی در تعادل بیولوژیکی و کنترل طبیعی آفات ایفا می‎کنند. بالغین آن‎ها از شهد و گرده گل‎ها تغذیه می‎کنند و به همین خاطر جزء گرده‎افشان‎های مهم گیاهان محسوب می‎شوند. در بررسی فونستیک سیرفیده‎های شهرستان رشتخوار (واقع در استان خراسان رضوی) طی سال‎های 1390- 1389 تعداد 340 نمونه از این خانواده جمع‎آوری شد. نمونه‎برداری در چهار دوره، از دو ایستگاه مطالعاتی انجام شد. در مجموع از بین نمونه‎های جمع‎آوری شده، تعداد 26 گونه از 12 جنس، متعلق به دو زیر خانواده Syrphinae و Eristalinae مورد شناسایی قرار گرفت؛ که در این بین، لارو 18 گونه شکارگر، 5 گونه پوسیده خوار و 3 گونه گیاه‎خوار بودند. تمامی گونه‎ها برای نخستین بار از فون این شهرستان گزارش می‎شوند.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها


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